April 2018

Scholar Warrior : The Three Point Advise on National Security

In a recent conversation with a prominent and much respected politician I was asked an interesting question. He wished to know my opinion on what advice I would offer to the core national leadership group on national security if the same was solicited off me, with specific reference to the Indian Army. He asked me to restrict the advice to three issues only.

Navigating the Middle East

The past two months has seen a vigorous push of India’s ‘Look West’ policy, especially towards the Middle East. It saw the arrival of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in January, to be followed immediately thereafter by Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Palestine, Oman and the United Arab Emirates. The ink on the numerous agreements signed during these visits had barely dried when two other leaders, the Iranian Prime Minister Hassan Rouhani and Prince Abdullah of Jordan came calling.

“Nuclear Dynamics in South Asia the India Pakistan Equipoise”

As early as 26 June 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru, later India’s first Prime Minister had said “As long as the world is constituted as it is, every country will have to devise and use the latest devices for its protection. I have no doubt India will develop her scientific researches and I hope Indian scientists will use the atomic force for constructive purposes. But if India is threatened, she will inevitably try to defend herself by all means at her disposal”.

Deepening Chinese Anxieties about CPEC

China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (known by the acronym CPEC) is a bundle of infrastructure projects currently under construction across Pakistan. The original value of $46 billion has been inflated to $62 billion. It could rise further according to some projections. CPEC is essentially intended to open up a new trade route for China via Kashmir, all the way to Gwadar in Arabian Sea. Both countries believe that the new trade route would become a game changer in the next 20-30 years.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Underwater Warfare

The nature of warfare is under transformation led by advances in disruptive technologies. The trends indicate that in the future navies will harness the potential of Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality / Virtual Reality, Deep Machine Learning, Big Data, Blockchain technology, Internet of Things, Robots, Drones and 3D printing to build and operate naval platforms to overwhelm the adversary. These technologies are the frontrunners of a new revolution labeled as the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) which is currently underway.